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Home > Standard > X3CrNiMo13-4 Standard standard

X3CrNiMo13-4 Standard

X3CrNiMo13-4 Standard standard Download, We provide the main countries around the ISO standard download, including: AISI(US),UNS(US),SAE(US),ASTM(US),AMS(US),ASME(US),MIL(US),FED(US),DIN(DEU),JIS(JPN),AFNOR(FR),B.S.(UK),SS(SWE),UNI(ITA).

Production specification

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C
Si
Mn
P
S
Cr Ni
0.05 0.7 0.5-1.0 0.04 0.015 12-14 3.5-4.5
Mo Al Cu Nb Ti V Ce
0.3-1.0            
N Co Pb B Other    
             
             

 

Product description:

Step Shaft X3CrNiMo13-4      Tube X3CrNiMo13-4     Pie-shaped X3CrNiMo13-4        Ring X3CrNiMo13-4     Module Large valves of the main X3CrNiMo13-4     Other Profiled forgings X3CrNiMo13-4General comments

 


In quenched and tempered condition, 1.4313 is used within a temperature range of -60 °C to 300 °C, showing good toughness properties. Due to its elevated molybdenum content, its corrosion resistance resembles that of 1.4057.


Relevant current and obsolete standards

EN 10088-3 1.4313 X3CrNiMo13-4 
ASTM-A 182-F6NM430 F
UNS J91540
BS 425C11
SEL G-X5CrNi13-4 / X4CrNi13-4
JIS SCS5
AFNOR Z6CN13-04
DIN17440 X4CrNi13-4



General properties


corrosion resistance average
mechanical properties very good
forgeability average
weldability poor
machinability average



Special properties ferromagnetic grade



Physical properties


density (kg/dm 3 ) 7.70
electrical resistivity at 20 °C (Ωmm2 /m) 0.60
magnetizability yes
thermal conductivity at 20 °C (W/m K) 25
specific heat capacity at 20 °C (J/kg K) 430
thermal expansion (K -1 ) 20 – 100 °C: 10.5 x 10 -620 – 200 °C: 10.9 x 10 -6 20 – 300 °C: 11.3 x 10 -6 20 – 400 °C: 11.6 x 10 -6



Typical applications

petrochemical industry
pump and compressor components
tools and dies for pressure die casting
turbines for hydro-electric power generation


Processing automated machining yes

properties machinable yes
hammer and die forging seldom
cold forming no
cold heading no
suited to polishing yes


Conditions annealed,tempered


Demand tendency rising


Corrosion resistance(PRE = 13.31 – 16.63)

1.4313 displays good corrosion resistance in moderately corrosive environments that are free of chlorides. This grade of steel is slightly more resistant to corrosion than 1.4024. Surface condition plays an important role in the corrosion resistance of this steel with polished surfaces exhibiting far superior corrosion resistance compared with rougher surfaces on the same material.


Heat treatment and mechanical properties

1.4313 may be annealed to a fully soft structure by holding the steel or component at a temperature between 600 °C and 650 °C followed by furnace cooling or slow cooling in air. Care must however be taken to ensure that a temperature of 825 °C is not exceeded during annealing. In this condition, the following mechanical properties can be expected:
Property Specification
tensile strength (N/mm 2 ) Rm ≤ 1100
hardness HB ≤ 320
 

The mechanical properties may be improved by quenching and tempering, in which the steel is first hardened by holding the steel at a temperature between 950 °C and 1050 °C followed by quenching in air, oil or polymer. The tempering temperature is dependent on the desired strength. In most cases the QT650, QT780 and QT900 conditions are specified and may be obtained by tempering hardened material in the following temperature ranges:
QT 650 QT 780 QT 900
Temperature 650–700 °C 550–600 °C 520–580 °C
600–620 °C
Quenching Air/water Air/water Air/water

* Should heat treatment be performed in a continuos furnace, the upper temperature is usually aimed for, and in some instances is even exceeded. Typical mechanical properties that can be expected in these heat treated conditions are presented below:

Property Spec. QT650 Typical
yield strength(N/mm 2 ) Rp0.2 ≥ 520 690
tensile strength (N/mm 2 ) Rm 650 – 830 760
tensile elongation (%) A5 ≥ 15 20
impact energy (J) 25°C ISO-V ≥ 70

Property Spec. QT780 Typical
yield strength(N/mm 2 ) Rp0.2 ≥ 620 800
tensile strength (N/mm 2 ) Rm 780 – 980 875
tensile elongation (%) A5 ≥ 15 19
impact energy (J) 25°C ISO-V ≥ 70

Property Spec. QT900 Typical
yield strength(N/mm 2 ) Rp0.2 ≥ 800 940
tensile strength (N/mm 2 ) Rm 900 – 1100 990
tensile elongation (%) A5 ≥ 12 17
impact energy (J) 25°C ISO-V ≥ 50

The mechanical properties (d ≥ 160 mm) have to be agreed on for thicker dimensions, or the delivered product is based on the values given.


Elevated temperature properties

Minimum tensile properties at various temperatures, shown in the diagramm, are specified in the EN 10088-3.


Welding

1.4313 can be readily welded using all arc welding processes. Pre-heating of the work piece to a temperature of 150 °C is recommended, especially when larger sections (> 10 mm) are welded. After welding, the component needs to be tempered to restore some ductility to the weld zone. Any scale or heat tint that results from welding or high temperature processing must either be mechanically or chemically removed followed by a suitable passivating treatment to restore the corrosion resistance.


Forging

When forging 1.4313, the work piece should be gradually heated to a temperature of about 850 °C prior to more rapid heating to a temperature of between 1100 °C and 1150 °C. Forging then takes place at a temperature between 1150 °C – 950 °C.


Machining

The machinability of this grade of stainless steel is directly related to its hardness. The machinability of 1.4313 is similar to carbon steels of the same hardness. Although it must be realisedthat the machining parameters will vary depending on the structure/hardness of the steel, the following parameters can be used as a guideline when machining with coated hardmetal tools:

Depth of cut (mm) 6 3 1
Feed rate (mm/r) 0.5 0.4 0.2

Annealed Cutting speed
Rm650 – 720 N/mm 2 (m/min) 110 140 175
Tempered Cutting speed
Rm750 – 950 N/mm 2 (m/min) 95 100 135

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